There are over 20 commercially-available species of American hardwood, providing designers with a variety of colour, grain and texture from which to make their choice. For Seed to Seat, the designers selected timbers that are growing in popularity and readily available in export markets. 



American red oak

Quercus spp.

American red oak is a classic looking oak wood, with a distinct pale reddish tinge, that injects a unique warmth to its finish. It has slightly less pronounced figure than white oak, due to smaller medullary rays and a more porous end grain structure. The wood is mostly straight grained with a course texture. It is strong, hardwearing and the most used hardwood in the USA. It is also good for steam bending.

For more information, visit American Hardwood Export Council


American cherry

Prunus serotina

The heartwood of American cherry varies from rich red to reddish brown and will darken on exposure to light. In contrast the sapwood is creamy white. Cherry can be supplied steamed, to darken sapwood or left unsteamed. The wood has a fine uniform straight grain, smooth texture, and may naturally contain brown pith flecks and small gum pockets.

For more information visit American Hardwood Export Council



American tulipwood

Liriodendron tulipifera

The sapwood is creamy white and may be streaked, with the heartwood varying from pale yellowish brown to olive green. The green colour in the heartwood will tend to darken on exposure to UV light and turn brown. The wood has a medium to fine texture and is straight grained. The size of the sapwood and some physical characteristics will vary according to growing regions. The wood has many desirable characteristics and is suitable for a wide variety of important uses. Tulipwood is not a poplar (Populus) and has many superior properties. However the tree resembles the shape of the European poplar, hence its name in the USA.

For more information visit American Hardwood Export Council


Thermally-modified American ash (CAMBIA)

American ash (Fraxinus spp.) is one of the most well-known and loved species used by designers in Australia and New Zealand. This thermally-modified ash has been subjected to high temperatures in a controlled environment, resulting in permanent alteration of the wood’s chemical and physical properties. It does not absorb moisture and is dimensionally very stable. It is less prone to warping and twisting with changes in humidity, making it perfect for outdoor use.

For more information: cambiawood.com


American soft maple

Acer rubrum (red maple), Acer saccharinum (silver maple)

In most respects the wood of soft maple is very similar to that of hard maple, although due to its widespread growth it may be more susceptible to regional colour variations. Generally the sapwood is greyish white, sometimes with darker coloured pith flecks, and the heartwood varies from light to dark reddish brown. The wood is usually straight grained. The lumber is generally sold unselected for colour.

For more information visit American Hardwood Export Council